Expansion of University Education in Kenya: The Challenges and Issues in Balancing Access and Quality

Kalai, Jeremiah (2010) Expansion of University Education in Kenya: The Challenges and Issues in Balancing Access and Quality. In: The 1st KIM Annual Conference On Management, KICC.

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If the levels of investment in education as evidenced by the number of people attending evening and institution-based programmes in universities is anything to go by, it appears that Kenyans� faith in value of education has not waned, the levels of educated unemployment notwithstanding. The quest for education has reached unprecedented levels in the recent past with most of the evenings, Saturdays and holidays preoccupied with institutional based learning programmes. The current flexibility of university programmes has afforded opportunities to individuals who had been hitherto locked out of university education. The flexibility in modes of education provision has witnessed the twin development of both careers and academic advancement thereby re-shaping the academic landscape in many respects. While in the past universities were a preserve of youngsters, the scenario has changed so dramatically that the young, the not-so-young and in some instances the elderly mingle in the ... Access to university education has come in many forms. The traditional approach of Regular Programmes Students who are based in university campuses has been increased to cater for more students than in previous years. Moreover, opportunities have been opened to individuals who are working either to attend Evening Programmes after work or during weekends. Other avenues have arisen through ODL and introduction of executive programmes tailor-made for the busy middle and senior managers who may find it difficult to leave their busy schedules to become full-time students. This phenomenon initially started at the University of Nairobi eventually spread to the rest of the public and private universities. The opportunity to access higher education was welcome by those who had been locked out of higher education for various reasons. However, some Regular Programmes Students have been reported to be averse to the programme on the grounds that some of the students admitted for evening and institution-Based Programmes are allegedly less qualified than some of the Regular Programmes Students. In addition, allegations have been made to the effect that some lecturers tend to be more committed to teaching the institution-based students owing to the monetary benefits that accrue from teaching such programmes. Efforts to address these concerns have been reported in some universities where both groups have been integrated. The net effect has been that there are more university students in campuses today than a few years ago. This paper explores the implications of increased enrolment on the quality of higher education in Kenyan universities. Of particular concern is the effect of expanding higher education without the requisite infrastructural developments and the commensurate student-teacher ratios.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Divisions: Conference > International Conference on Industry and Higher Education - 2010
Depositing User: Mr. David Mwangi
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2014 12:49
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2014 12:54
URI: http://repository.mua.ac.ke/id/eprint/4

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