GREEN PROCUREMENT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND SUSTAINABILITY OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN INTERNATIONAL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS:
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The main study objective was to determine green procurement management practices and sustainability of supply chain process in international non-governmental organizations: a case study Medicins Du Monde Iraq Program with specific objectives being; to determine how supplier assessment affects sustainability of supply chain processes; to establish how reverse logistics affects sustainability of supply chain processes; to determine how supplier development affects sustainability of supply chain processes and to establish how supplier involvement affects sustainability of supply chain processes at Medicins Du Monde Iraq Program. Green supply chain management practice is a multi-dimension concept that is measured from different aspects. Green logistics, green manufacturing and green distribution are important dimension of green supply chain management practices required by organizations to attain sustainability of supply chain processes. These practices ought to embrace internal environmental management, green information system, inventory recovery, and eco design and customer cooperation. The study main anchor theory is Sustainability Theory, and reinforced by Goal Setting Theory, and Institutional Theory. The research design adopted a descriptive research design. The study target populations were 450 employees at Medicins Du Monde Iraq Program and sample size of 90 respondents were selected using stratified sampling. Questionnaires were used as main data collection instrument that were pilot tested using 10 respondents that were selected through stratified random sampling. The data was analysed using SPSS software and descriptive statistics which included mean, percentages and standard deviation. The study adopted a correlation analysis (ANOVA).The data were presented using tables, charts and graphs. Data was first coded and organized into concepts from which generalization was made of entire population. The study established that supplier assessment, reverse logistics, supplier development and supplier involvement has great influence on the green procurement management practices and sustainability of supply chain process. The study concluded that supplier assessment is significant in shaping the decisions for the green procurement management practices and sustainability of supply chain process. The overall model was significant and implies that reverse logistics is significant in decisions for the green procurement management practices and sustainability of supply chain process, and reverse logistics practices are capable of reducing customers risk when purchasing a product and increase the customer value. The study also concluded that supplier involvement is an important aspect of excellent supply management in that suppliers are carefully prequalified to ensure that they possess both desired technology and the right management capability. The recommendations are, the management at Medicins Du Monde Iraq Program should know that a strong supply chain is the backbone of a successful business. The management should closely work with suppliers, and reinforce their relationship with them, and the procurement department should regularly evaluate suppliers for efficiencies, and for growth. The study suggests a research on Green Procurement Processes and Sustainability of Supply Chain by corporate organisations in Kenya.