FACTORS AFFECTING IMPLEMENTATION OF LABOR LAWS IN THE PUBLIC SERVICE: A CASE STUDY OF MINISTRY OF LABOR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION
MUSYOKA, ISAIAH MUTUKU
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The focus of this study was to determine factors affecting implementation of labor laws in the public service with respect to Ministry of Labor and Social Protection. The objective of the study was to find out how communication, cost, collective bargaining and training affect implementation of labor laws in the public service. The study adopted a descriptive research design and used a stratified random sampling method since the population was heterogeneous. The target population for this study was the workforce in the organization who included top management, middle management and support staff with a target population of 102 employees. The study used stratified sampling technique to select a sample size of 51 employees that involves dividing the target population into strata. Primary data was collected using a questionnaire. Data was analyzed through frequency and descriptive statistics. Data was presented with aid of graphs and pie charts. The study is significant to the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection officers and future researchers. From the study analysis, the respondents indicated that negotiation process always leads to positive results in the implementation of labor laws in the public service with majority of the respondents agreeing. The study findings established that the Ministry of Labor applies the communication as indicated and there are adequate channels of communication in the organization to facilitate implementation of labor laws in the public service. The study established that the Ministry of labor adopts all the government policies as indicated in the study findings The Ministry of Labor applies the training in the implementation of labor laws as indicated by the majority of the respondents. Collective bargaining can be suggested to be one of the most influential approaches to improvement of labor rights and employment conditions. The efficiency of communication in the implementation of labor laws was average. The system evaluation consideration and making communication to staff while implementing labor laws was greatly done therefore proving its viability. Government legislation affects implementation of labor laws. Although most issues that affect implementation of labor laws are addressed in the established legal frameworks, only a few legislations are enacted. The study findings confirmed that training leads to employee commitment resulting in effective implementation of labor laws that is necessary in unionism. The Ministry of Labor should take measures to collective bargaining so that their negotiators, at all levels, have the opportunity to obtain appropriate training. The Ministry of Labor employees should be given prior communications to prepare them for effective implementation of labor laws. The progress on implementation of the laws should always be communicated so that follow up is made easy. There is need for the Ministry of Labor to put in place mechanisms that will ensure that all the labor laws are implemented and enforced to the letter. The Ministry of Labor employee must have the requisite training with an aim of improving on their performance especially when appraisals are being undertaken.