FACTORS AFFECTING THE EFFICIENCY OF NATIONAL ELECTRIC GRID IN KENYA
KARIUKI NJOGU, JOSEPH
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Efficiency of a national electric grid which is a complex interconnected network for delivering electricity from generating stations to consumers is one of the economic growth stimulus and for any country to prosper its stability and efficiency is paramount. Kenyans countrywide experience grid inefficiencies such as frequent power outages, slow response to outages, wrong billings, and high cost of electricity such that customer complaints are on day-to-day basis. This research project had four variables; government policies, energy management, technology and natural phenomenon and their effect on efficiency of national electric grid in Kenya with reference to Nairobi County. Used descriptive research design where the target population was 300 Nairobi county employees of Kenya Power in the various units of the Engineering departments. Stratified random sampling technique was used. A sample of 90 respondents was realized by taking 30% of staff in each engineering unit from the target population. Survey questionnaire was given to each member of the sample population for the purpose of the research. A pilot study pretested and validated the questionnaire. Quantitative data collected was analyzed by descriptive statistics using SPSS and presented through frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations. The information was displayed by means of graphs, bar charts, and pie charts. Qualitative data or data collected from the open-ended questions was tested using content analysis. Research study revealed that government policies, Energy management, technology and natural phenomena affected the efficiency of national electric grid in Kenya to a great extent. It recommended that the government should regulate policies and set up the ones which favor the development of the National Electric Grid. That Kenya Power Ltd should educate the society on issues of energy management, which will optimize energy usage hence, improve efficiency. That it should always change with the changing technologies in order to remain competitive and up to date with emerging technologies in order to provide better services to its customers. That it should have an understanding of all the natural phenomena, which may affect the electric grid hence, be prepared to mitigate them. The researcher recommended that other studies should be carried out to cover other factors effecting efficiency of national electric grid in Kenya apart from the factors discussed in this study.